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Information for your Safari


Also known as one of the most spectacular nature shows in the world or simply as the ‘World Cup of wildlife’.

In this annual event in the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem more than 1.3 Million wildebeest migrate through the endless planes in search for fertile green pastures. The antelopes are joined by other animals like zebras, Grant’s gazelle, Thompson’s gazelle, eland and impala. Together they form the largest terrestrial mammal long distant campaign in the world.

The illustration on the right tries to show the path of the migrating main ‘super’ herd – if one includes the smaller fragmented herds it would fill almost half of the map. The animated map therefore should only be used as a basic reference / starting point.

Annual Great Migration Movement Serengeti

Annual cycle

This everlasting loop of movement normally starts in February / March in the southern part of the Serengeti (close to the Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area). This is the time of the year where the Wildebeest are giving birth to approximately 500,000 calves within a very short period of about 3 weeks. When the rain season ends in May, the animals start moving northwest into the areas around the Grumeti and Mara River. In the beginning of July the herds begin with their river crossings – this is where the very famous pictures of countless documentary movies are being shot. Vast amounts of animals trying to reach the other side of the river safely through a narrow crossing with crocodiles and other predators waiting for their fair share of the huge feast.

wildebeest zebra river crossing

In July/August the grazers arrive in the northern part of this approximately 30,000 km² ecosystem known as the Masai Mara. In this Kenyan part of the Serengeti the herds stay until the end of the dry season. With the start of the short rains in early November they move southwards to arrive in time for the calving season to start this never ending circle again.
More than 250.000 wildebeests die during this annual migration, either from exhaustion, hunger, thirst or because of predators. As a keystone species, these animals are extremely vital to the whole ecosystem. Not only do they provide a steady flow of fresh food for plenty of famous predators like i.e. lion, cheetah, leopard and hyena and the ‘environment police or cleanup crews’, carrion eaters and scavengers like the African White-Backed Vulture, with their excrement they also spread nitrogenous fertilizers that are vital for next year’s green pastures.

Important facts for visitors

This ‘World Cup of wildlife’ attracts over a million travelers every year. For most of our clients experiencing this migration firsthand is a truly remarkable and unique experience. It is the combination of the view, the smell, the sounds and the ground vibration that will rise your adrenaline level, touch all the senses and to appreciate the magnificence of this savage nature.

  • Wildebeest have no designated leaders and therefore the grazers often spilt up and travel in different directions. Sometimes some herds tend to stay longer at certain areas then others.
  • Because of the unpredictability of the rains the annual ‘migration timetable’ can change dramatically. Therefore the provided animated map can only be considered to be for basic reference.
  • One must be aware that the migration is a much more static affair than many people realize. It is not possible to “follow” the herds, driving along with them or even booking lodges, tented camps or campsites wherever they happen to be at any given moment, because all accommodations in the bush must be booked in advance.
  • The famous crossing of the rivers Mara and Grumeti is extremely difficult to predict. It takes 1-2 weeks for the wildebeest to cross, and this can take place any time within a period of almost two months. If this is very important for your Safari, we recommend to book for July and stay as far north as possible in the Serengeti. However one must remember that game viewing in Tanzania is excellent all year round -not only because there are many resident herds- but also because exciting game drives depend first and foremost on the experience and knowledge of your Safari guide. We are very proud to say that we have some of the best guides in the business – please see our testimonials to confirm for yourself.